The Parenting Stress Index, Fourth Edition (PSI-4) is designed to evaluate the magnitude of stress in the parent-child system. It is a 120-item inventory that focuses on three major domains of stress: child characteristics, parent characteristics, and situational/demographic life stress.
Two domains, Child and Parent, combine to form the Total Stress scale. The Life Stress scale provides information about the amount of parent stress caused by factors outside the parent-child relationship.
Within the Child Domain, six subscales (Distractibility/Hyperactivity, Adaptability, Reinforces Parent, Demandingness, Mood, and Acceptability) evaluate sources of stress as gathered from the parent's report of child characteristics.
Within the Parent Domain, seven subscales (Competence, Isolation, Attachment, Health, Role Restriction, Depression, and Spouse/Parenting Partner Relationship) measure sources of stress related to parent characteristics.
The PSI-4 can be administered and scored by hand, via scoring software, or online (PARiConnect).
The PSI-4 Item Booklet provides instructions to the respondent on how to correctly mark their responses, followed by the 101 PSI-4 items, plus the optional 19-item Life Stress Scale.
It is used in conjunction with the Answer Sheet. As all responses are marked on the seperate Answer sheet, the Item Booklet is reusable.