The Parenting Stress Index, Fourth Edition (PSI-4) is designed to evaluate the magnitude of stress in the parent-child system. It is a 120-item inventory that focuses on three major domains of stress: child characteristics, parent characteristics, and situational/demographic life stress.
Two domains, Child and Parent, combine to form the Total Stress scale. The Life Stress scale provides information about the amount of parent stress caused by factors outside the parent-child relationship.
Within the Child Domain, six subscales (Distractibility/Hyperactivity, Adaptability, Reinforces Parent, Demandingness, Mood, and Acceptability) evaluate sources of stress as gathered from the parent's report of child characteristics.
Within the Parent Domain, seven subscales (Competence, Isolation, Attachment, Health, Role Restriction, Depression, and Spouse/Parenting Partner Relationship) measure sources of stress related to parent characteristics.
The PSI-4 and PSI-4-SF are both covered in the PSI-4 Professional Manual. Chapter 6 in the Manual is soley dedicated to the PSI-4-SF.
The PSI-4 Professional eManual provides information on:
Please allow 24-48 hours for your eManual link to come through.
What is the format?
PAR e-Manuals can be downloaded via your original confirmation email or they may also be viewed via a web browser through PARiConnect, PAR’s online assessment platform - a valid PARiConnect account is required for this method.
To view e-Manuals online (PARiConnect):
To download an e-Manual to a device:
Can I view e-Manuals on an e-reader or a tablet/iPad®?
PAR e-Manuals can be downloaded and viewed on the iPad and on Android tablets. Use of e-Manuals on these tablets requires you to download Adobe Digital Editions or the BlueFire Reader app onto your device (fees may apply). The PARiConnect Digital Library also allows users to view e-Manuals via a tablet or an iPad. Please note that devices running on Apple’s recently released iOS15 will not display e-Manuals correctly. If you are using iOS15, please use the Bluefire Reader app or access your e-Manual through the Digital Library in PARiConnect.
Can you create bookmarks for specific pages?
You can create bookmarks to specific pages if you are viewing the downloaded e-Manual. Once you are on a page you wish to bookmark, simply click the "Create Bookmark" button and add a note about the bookmark. To view any bookmarks you have created, click on the Bookmarks tab on the left side of the screen.
How many times can I download an e-Manual?
Each PAR e-Manual you purchase is licensed for one user. You are provided two download links per purchase. The second download link serves as a backup should you experience computer problems, replace your computer, or otherwise lose your original copy.
Is it possible to print out the e-Manual if I want a hard copy?
Because PAR e-Manuals are in a DRM-protected format, printing is prohibited. The e-Manual can only be viewed on-screen via Adobe Digital Editions, the Bluefire Reader app, or via the PARiConnect Digital Library. Please purchase the print manual if you need a hard copy.
Is the e-Manual identical to the printed manual?
All the information contained in the printed manual, including tables and graphs, is included in the digital version.